Reflection Human Anatomy and physiology

The post should be in your own words and demonstrate critical thinking, analysis, and expected level of knowledge. The post should be in complete sentences and paragraph form. You should not have bullet points as they are not in complete sentences or paragraph form. Copy-pasting may result in a zero. 

To fully address the chosen prompt, you will refer to the topical outline of the course syllabus that corresponds with the prompt you select. This will help guide you in demonstrating your understanding of the content while providing a thorough and detailed reflection post. Your post should be more than a few sentences to demonstrate critical thinking. It must include a minimum of one APA 7th edition style in-text citation and full matching references of appropriate reading to support your responses. 

If you have questions about this participation requirement, post them to the .

Refer to the syllabus for a complete breakdown of the expectations.

Select two of the unit student learning outcome (USLO) prompts below to respond to in this week’s reflection.

Define life and the key components necessary for living systems to exist.

Identify the relationship between Anatomy and Physiology and their subdivisions.

Differentiate the levels of structural organization of the human body. 

Classify the structure and function of the organ systems of the human body. 

Differentiate mechanisms of homeostasis.           

Use APA Format 7th edition and at least two references.

Please use this guide as a template but do not copy and paste anything from here. This is just an example.

  1. BIO 1100
  2. Professor Harvey 
  3. Galen College of Nursing 
  4. DATE:
  5. Identify the relationship between Anatomy and Physiology and their subdivisions. 

Anatomy- is the scientific study of the body’s structures, and Physiology- is the study of how those structures function in the body.

There are several types of anatomy and how they are researched; for example, there are:

Microscopic Anatomy – Study of structures that cannot be seen without magnification, including cytology and histology.

Cytology- Study of cells.

Histology- The study of tissues.

Other types of anatomy being used today include…

Gross Anatomy (Macroscopic Anatomy) – Study of larger structures of the body that are visible without enhancing with magnification. 

Surface Anatomy- Study of general forms and superficial markings.

Regional Anatomy- Study of structures in a particular region. 

  • Systemic Anatomy- Study of structures that make up a body system; examples include: (the digestive system or urinary system).

Developmental Anatomy- Study of structural changes in one’s body from fertilization to adulthood. (Betts et al., 2013)

Physiology has at least three types used when studying the body’s function.

Cell Physiology- The function of living cells includes (chemical and molecular levels).

Systemic Physiology- Studies all aspects of the function of specific organ systems.

Pathological Physiology or Pathology- Effects of diseases on organs or system functions. 

Anatomy and physiology go hand in hand; you must first understand the structures and their locations, which will come in handy when studying the functions of those structures. (Betts et al., 2013).

Differentiate mechanisms of homeostasis. 

Homeostasis is balancing the body, and different aspects assist with bringing the body back to its normal state, such as the receptors, control centers, and effectors. 

The Receptors are part of the feedback system that monitors the physiological value.

The Control Center compares the value and the normal range and monitors and reacts to deviations from homeostasis using negative feedback. 

The Effector is a component in the feedback system that causes a change to reverse the situation and return the value to the normal range. 

Negative Feedback- A negative stimulus that upsets the body’s physiological condition preventing an excessive response to a stimulus. Some examples would be thermoregulation and hypo or hyperglycemia. It releases glucagon or insulin to restore homeostasis, depending on the body’s status.   (Betts et al., 2013)

Positive Feedback- Stimulus/Mechanism that intensifies changes in the body’s physiological condition in response to a specific stimulus. An example would be childbirth, and the cervix expands to deliver the baby, and once delivered, the cervix returns to its normal state to return the body to homeostasis (Betts et al., 2013).


Betts, J. G., Young, K. A., Wise, J. A., Johnson, E., Poe, B., Kruse, D. H., Korol, O., Johnson, J. E., Womble, M., DeSaix, P., Blaker, W., Bowers, J., Barlow, M., Hortsch, M., Bradshaw, E., Tallman, K., Campbell, B., Tarapore, R., Jablanovic, B., . . . Elf, P. (2013). Anatomy and physiology. OpenStax at Rice University. 

Reflection Human Anatomy and physiology

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